Baby Koi/Peanuts Fish Food Info

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The Most Important Decision

When Buying Koi Is

Who and Where

They Come From… Period!

Japanese to English Koi Glossary

Before you start enjoying these “Swimming Jewels”, known as Standard Koi and Butterfly Koi, you might want to learn some of the terminology used to describe the many features of these beautiful Fish. Since the Koi hobby started in Japan much of the language used, in the hobby, reflects those origins and is the reason we are publishing this glossary of Koi terms;

Ago Sumi (ah-go sue-me) =  Sumi (black) on gills

Ai (eye) = Blue or Indigo color

Aigoromo (eye-go-ROW-mow) = A Goromo Koi with blue or indigo reticulation

Ai Showa (eye show-wah) = A Showa Koi with blue or indigo speckles

Aizumi (eye-Zoo-me) = Blue sumi tinged with indigo

Aka (Ah-Kah) = Red body

Aka Bekko  (AH-kah BECK-koh) = Red Koi with black markings

Aka hana  (AH-kah HAH-nah) = Red nose

Aka Hajiro  (AH-ka ha-JEE-row) Red Koi with white tips to the pectoral and                     caudal fins

Akamuji or Aka Muji  (AH-kah-MOO-jee) = Light red Koi

Akame (a-kah-may) = Red Eye with a red iris

Aka Matsuba  (AH-kah maht-SOO-bah) = Red Koi with a black 'pine-cone'                         pattern in the scales along the back

Aka Sanke (AH-kah SAHN-keh) = Hi (red) covers almost entire head and body

Akebi (ah-KEH-bee) = light blue

Albino (Al-BY-no)  = A genetic anomaly (lack of pigment) usually             demonstrated by red eyes

Ami (ah-ME) = Net

Amime (ah-ME-meh)  = Mesh or 'eyes' of scales in a net pattern

Aragoke (ah-rah-GO-keh) = Large armor scales

Arashi Kumo (ah-RAH-shee KOO-moh) =  "Storm Clouds". This term describes                              a "storm cloud" like black pattern. It is a mix of sumi, kage sumi                             (shadow) and white that all work together to create the "storm cloud" effect.

Asagi (ah-SAH-gee) = A gray-blue reticulated scaled Koi with hi (red) along           the lateral lines, cheeks and in the fins

Asagi Hi (ah-SAH-gee HEE) = Secondary, undesirable hi (red) appearing as                freckles below the lateral line

Asagi Magoi (ah-SAH-gee MAH-goy)  = Early ancestor of the modern Asagi

Atama ga hageru (ah-TAH-mah gah HAH-geh-roo) Clearness of head, clean,                             clear head

Atama (ah-TAH-mah) = Head crown

Ato (AH-toh)  = Late-appearing (i.e. referring to sumi; ato sumi)

Bekko (BEH-koh)  = Single solid color of white, red or yellow Koi with black markings

Beni (ben-ee) = Deep solid red

Beni Kujaku (BEN-ee koo-JAH-koo) = Orange-red Kujaku with red markings                      all over the body

Benigoi (ben-ee-goy) = non metallic red Koi, resembling Akamuji but with a               deeper red coloration

Beni Kumonryu (BEN-ee koo-mahn-droo) = Kumonryu with red markings

Beret Hi (BEH-reh HEE) = symmetrical head hi (red) on one side only

Beta-gin (BEH-tah deen) = finest type of Kin-gin-rin (gin rin), where the                 whole surface of each scale sparkles

Bire (BEE-reh)  = 'Fire', a name used for the specific red patterning on Asagi         and Shusui

Boke (BOH-kee) = Undeveloped Showa sumi

Boke Showa (BOH-kee SHOW-wah) = popular form of Showa, with blurred,                       grayish sumi - netting sumi

Bongiri (Bohn-GEE-ree) = Head hi does not come far enough towards the nose

Bozu (boh-ZOO) = No hi on the head, bald head

Bu (boo) = Size division

Budo (BOO-doh)  = Arrangement of colored scales resembling a bunch of grapes

Budo Goromo (BOO-doh go-ROW-mow) = Koi with a purplish, grape like                        pattern or patterns on its white body

Budo Sanke (BOO-doh-SAHN-keh) = Koi with a pattern resembling that of                      Budo Goromo combined with solid black markings

Bunka Sanke (BOON-ka SAHN-keh) = blue Sanke with shiny pectoral fins,                       Seen only as a baby Koi

Cha (chah) = Brown

Chagoi (CHAH-goy) = Non metallic light brown Koi, the “friendly” “calm” Koi

Chigyo (CHEEG-yoh) = Un-culled Unsorted fry

Chupa (CHOO-pah) = Medium quality fish.

Caudal fin (KAH-dal) = Tail fin

Colors - Koi Colors:

Black: Karasu (kah-RAH-soo) (whole body), Sumi (SOO-mee) (markings) also Kuro (KOO-roh)

Blue: Ai (eye) - Konjo (KOHN-joh) dark blue, Narumi (nah-ROO-mee) medium          blue, Mizu (MEE-zoo) or Akebi (AH-keh-bee) light blue.

Brown: Cha (chah)

Gold: (metallic) - Kin (keen)

Green:  Midori (me-DOOR-ree) or Koshi (KOH-shee)

Grey:  Sora (SOOR-rah)

Orange: Orenji (oh-REEN-gee)

Red Aka (ah-kah) (body color), Hi (hee) (markings), Beni (ben-nee) (dark red).

Silver: (metallic) - Gin (geen)

White: Shiro (SHEE-roh)

Yellow: Ki (key)

Yellow/green Hisoku (hee-SOH-koo)


Dagoi (DAH-goy) = Poor quality fish

Dainichi (dye-NEE-chee) = Famous Go-Sanke lineage of Koi

Dangara (dahn-GAH-rah) = stepped pattern on the body of a Koi, also known as Danmoyo

Danmoyo (dahn-MOW-yow) = Step pattern

Doh (doh) = Trunk, or body

Doh Hi (doh-hee) = Hi on the body

Doh Zumi (doh zoo-mee) = Sumi on the body.

Doitsu (DOYT-zoo) = German Koi that are not fully scaled, usually with a row                 of scales along each lateral line and a row on either side of the dorsal fin

Doitsu Kujaku (DOYT-zoo koo-JAH-koo) = platinum Koi with red markings over                 its body and black markings in the scales along the dorsal and                 lateral lines only

Doitsu Yamato Nishiki (DOYT-zoo YAH-mah-toh nee-SHEE-kee) A scaleless metallic                      Taisho Sanshoku (Sanke).  Also known as Heisie Nishiki (Hay say nee SHEE kee)

Doitsu Yotsushiro (DOYT-zoo YOT-soo-SHEE-roh) = Origin of Kumonryu;  Yotsa                      means 4, Shiro means white.  Doitsu Yotsushiro is a Doitsu Koi with 4 patches                      of white: nose, tail, and both pectoral fins

Do Zumi (doh ZOO-mee) = Sumi on the body

Doware (dohn-WAH-reh) = Large white area of a pattern.

Enyu (EHN-yoo) = doitsu Koi with a white body and red markings whose                 mirror scales are platinum; pale blue speckles may be interspersed                 within the red and white color of the dorsal surface.

Etsu No Hisoku  (EHT-zoo noh hee-ZOH-koo) =  doitsu yellow-green Koi.

Fucarin (FOO-kah-reen) =  The area of skin around the smaller scales of                  good metallic Koi. The smaller the scales, the greater the luster.

Fuji (FOO-jee) = The almost metallic finish on the head of some young non metallic Koi

Fukurin (FOO-koo-reen) = Mesh pattern or reticulated effect (vignette)                  involving scales and skin

Gaku Hi (GAH-koo hee) = Red on upper part of face (forehead).

Giku (GEE-koo) = Relates to the swimming mode of a Koi with a deformed body

Gin (geen) = Shiny, reflective, silver metallic.

Gin Bekko (GEEN BEH-koo) = Basically a metallic Shiro Bekko.

Gin Kabuto (GEEN kah-BOO-tow) = Black Koi whose scales have silver edges.

Gin Matsuba (GEEN maht-ZOO-bah) = Metallic silver Koi with a black 'pine                 cone' (matsuba) pattern in the scales.

Gin Shiro (GEEN SHEE-row) = Metallic Shiro Utsuri

Gin Showa (GEEN  SHOW-wah) = Metallic Showa with a silver luster

Ginbo (GEEN-bow) = black Koi with a silver metallic sheen.  

Ginga (GEEN-gah) = Metallic Koi with black and white markings.  A cross                 breed of a Hajiro Kawarimono with a Platinum Ogon

Ginrin or Gin Rin - (geen-deen) = The more commonly used term for                 Kinginrin, referring to sparkling scale types

Ginsui (GEEN-swee) = Metallic Shusui with a silver luster

Go bu (goh boo) = Size five

Godan Kohaku (GOH-dahn koh-HAH-koo) = white Koi with a five step hi pattern

Godan (GOH-dahn) = Five step pattern

Goi (goy) = Fish

Goke (GOH-keh) = Fish scales

Goma (GOH-mah) = Sesame' or scattered sumi

Gosai (GOH-sigh) = 5 year old Koi

Gosanke (goh-SAHN-keh)= term that refers collectively to the 'Big three' of                Koi keeping: Kohaku, Sanke, and Showa

Goshiki (goh-SHEE-kee) = five colored Koi, on which white, red, black, and                light and dark blue are mixed to give a purplish appearance. Scale                reticulation on the red and white, or on the white only

Goshiki Shusui (goh-SHEE-kee SHOO-swee) = Doitsu, non metallic blue Goshiki.

Gotenzakura (goh-tehn-ZAH-koo-rah) = Cherry pattern

Gotenzakura Kohaku (go-tehn-ZAH-koo-rah koh-HAH-koo) A cherry blossom                patterned Kohaku with many hi patches

Hachi  (HAH-chee) = Head

Hachi Hi (HAH-chee hee) = Early ancestor of the modern Kohaku

Hachiware (HAH-chee-WAH-reh)  = Lightning stripe head pattern

Hachizumi (HAH-chee-ZOO-mee) = Black pattern that runs diagonally across the head.

Hada (hah-dah) = Sheen

Hageru (HAH-geh-roo) = No blurring on the head (relates to metallic varieties particularly)

Hageshiro (HAH-geh-SHEE-row) = Black Koi with white on the head and on                the tail and pectoral fin tips

Hajiro (hah-GEE-row) = black Koi with white on the tail and pectoral fin tips

Haka Shita (HAH-kah SHEE-tah) = Sagging abdomen

Hanatsuki (hah-NAHT-SOO-kee) = Head hi extends down the nose.

Hanazumi (hah-NAH-ZOO-mee) = black pattern (or spot) around or near the            mouth and nose area.

Hana Shusui (hahNAH SHOO-swee) = form of Shusui, also known as a            flowery Shusui with round red markings on the sides (between the            back scales and the lateral line) instead of parallel the 'line patches'            down the sides or regular Shusui.

Hara (hah-RAH) = Abdominal area.  

Hariwake (HAH-ree-WAH-keh) = Koi with two colors, one of which is platinum, the                 other metallic orange or yellow, double metallic cross breeding.

Hariwake Matsuba (HAH-ree-WAH-keh maht-SOO-bah) = silver and yellow             metallic Koi with a black "pine cone" pattern in its scales

Heisei Nishiki (HAY-say nee-SHEE-kee) = Doitsu Yamato Nishiki. A metallic,             scaleless Sanke  

Hi (HEE) = General term for red

Hiagari (hi-GAH-ree) = Intensity of the red color

Hiban  (hee-BAHN) = Red pattern element or red area

Hi Asagi (hee ah-SAH-gee) = Asagi whose red marking extends over the lateral line

Hi Showa (hee SHOW-wah) = predominantly red Showa

Hi Shusui (hee SHOO-swee) = Shusui whose red pattern spreads up from            the belly and covers the back

Hi Botan (hee BOW-tahn) = Koi resembling Bekko, derived from Utsuri lineage

Higoi (HEE-goy) = Red Koi, usually called Akamuji (light red) or Benigoi (deep red)

Hikari (hee-KAH ree) = Metallic

Hikari Utsurimono (hee KAH-ree oot-SOO-ree-MOH-noh) = Metallic Utsuri and Showa

Hikarimono (hee-KAH-ree-MOH-noh) = Shining ones, the metallic groups

Hikarimoyo (hee-KAH-ree-MOH-yoh) = Multicolored 'white-based' metallic Koi

Hikari-moyomono (hee-KAH-ree MOH-yoh-MOH-noh) =  classification including all           metallic Koi with two or more colors, except metallic Utsuri and Showa

Hikarimuji (hee-KAH-ree-MOO-gee) = Single colored metallic Koi, with or           without scale reticulation

Himozumi (hee-moh-ZOO-mee) = String-like, thin sumi pattern

Hinomaru (hee-noh-MAH-roo) = Sun rising

Hirenaga Koi (hee-reh-NAH-gah Koi) = Long-finned or butterfly Koi

Hiroshima Kinginrin (hee-ROH-shee-mah keen-geen-deen) = Kin Gin Rin as              'cracked glass' or diamond gin rin. Scales have bright lines running across them

Hisoku (hee-SOH-koo) = Yellow-green color

Hoaka (hoh-AH-kah) = Hi over the gill plate

Hon sumi (hohn SOO-mee) = 'Genuine sumi', referring to the black Sanke           markings on a Koromo Sanke

Hoshi (HOH-shee) = Opening or window within the pattern

Hookazuki (hoo-kah-ZOO-kee) = black carp with red cheeks. An early           ancestor of the modern Kohaku

Ichi bu (EE-chee boo) = Size one

Ichimatsu (EE-chee-maht-soo) = Checkered pattern

Inazuma (EE-nah-ZOO-mah) = Lighting-stripe pattern (zig-zag)

Ippon hi (EE-pohn-HEE) = Straight hi, renzokumoyo, continuous from head to tail

Iro (EE-row) = Color

Iroagari (EE-row-ah-GAH-ree) = The degree of color intensity

Iroage (EE-row-ah-GEH) = The act of intensifying the various colors

Iromono (EE-row-MOH-noh) = The collective name for all metallic Koi

Jari (JAH-ree) = Gravel

Jarisumi (JAH-ree-SOO-mee) = Small black sumi spots

Jihada (gee-HAH-dah) = Texture of the Koi's skin

Jinbei (geen-BYE) = Sanke line of Koi

Juji (GOO-gee) = Cross shape

Junidaira Showa (GOON-ee-dye-rah SHOW-wah) = Very old Showa line

Jyami (JAH-mee) = Shorter word for Jarisumi

Kabuto (kah-BOO-toh) = Translates to ‘helmet’, referring to a Koi whose head           color is different from that of its body.

Kagami (kah-GAH-mee) = old Koi variety with mirror scales on both the dorsal           and ventral sides.

Kage (KAH-geh) = Shadow

Kakutan (kah-KOO-tahn) = Square-shaped Tancho marking

Kamisori (kah-MEE-soh-ree) = Razor border, pattern that cuts across the scale

Kana (KAH-nah) = Male Koi

Kanako (Kah-nah-koh) = Koi with a white body and dappled hi,                   appearing on single scales


Kao (KAH-oh)=  'Face'; any area between the cheeks (also known as 'men')

Karasu (KAH-rah-soo) = totally black Koi, often tinged with a blue haze

Karasugoi (KAH-rah-SOO-goy) = 'Crow' Koi; black Koi from the Asagi line

Kasane Sumi (KAH-sah-neh-SOO-mee) = black marking on a red background

Katamoyo (KAH-tah-MOH-yoh) =  Single sided pattern

Kata Zumi (KAH-tah ZOO-mee) = Sumi patch or patchtes on the shoulders

Kawagoi (KAH-wah-goy) = Koi with no scales except for some reflective               scales on the dorsal surface

Kawarimono (kah-WAH-ree-MOH-noh) = non-metallic Koi that don't fit into any                    other classification. The old name for Koi with undefined color or pattern

Kawarigoi (kah-WAH-ree-goy) = new name for Kawarimono Koi, covering all Koi                    varieties that do not fall under established mainstream Koi classifications

Ki (kee) = yellow

Ki Kokuryu (KEE koh-KOO-droo) = Metallic Kumonryu 'Chrysanthemum water'

Kigoi (KEE-goy) = Yellow Koi, often having red eyes (albino line)

Kikusui (KEE-koo-swee) = Metallic doitsu Hariwake Ogon - most often               seen as a doitsu Kohaku

Kin (keen) = metallic gold

Kindai (keen-DYE) = Modern

Kinitsusei (KEE-neet-SOO-say) = Uniformity of color

King Gin Rin (keen geen deen) = also known as Gin Rin (geen deen) - a               Koi with silver- or gold-colored sparkling scales

Kin Ki Utsuri (KEEN kee OOT-soo-ree) = Metallic black Koi  with gold               markings where the gold can range in color from yellow to red

Kin Showa (KEEN SHOW-wah) = Metallic Showa Koi

Kinporai (KEEN-por-ey) = bronze metallic Matsuba Ogon

Kinrin (Keen-deen) = Koi with gold-colored sparkling scales

Kinsui (KEEN-swee) = Metallic Shusui with more hi

Kinzakura (KEEN-zah-KOO-rah) = Golden cherries; gold-bordered hi

Kirekomi (KEE-reh-KOH-mee) = Narrow white inserts into the hi rising              from the sides of the Koi.

Kiwa (KEE-wah) = The edge of a patch or marking

Koborehi (koh-BOH-reh-HEE) = Scattered hi (red)

Koboresumi (koh-BOH-reh-SOO-mee) = Scattered sumi (black)

Kohaku (koh-HAH-koo) = Koi with a white body and red markings. The             first Koi in the "Big Three" class of Koi

Koi-dangi (koy-dahn-gee) = Japanese term for Koi enthusiasts "talking about Koi"

Koishi (koy-shee) = Nishikigoi breeders

Koke (KOH-keh) = Scale

Kokenami (KOH-keh-NAH-mee) = Line of scales

Kokesuki (KOH-keh-SOO-kee) = Uneven color within the pattern; single             colorless scales

Komoyo (koh-MOH-yoy) = Small zigzag, flowery pattern of red and white

Konjo (KAHN-joh) = Dark blue

Konzai (kahn-ZYE) = Kiwa having both maruzome and kamisori elements

Koromo (koh-ROH-moh) = 'robed',  referring to a Koi that has a white             base color, overlaid by red patterns with reticulation. A Koi show             class including Ai -Goromo, Sumi Goromo, Budo Sanke, Goshiki,             Koromo Sanke and Koromo Showa

Koromozumi (koh-ROH-moh-ZOO-mee) = Sumi Goromo netted sumi

Kozumi (koh-ZOO-mee) = Small black spots

Koshi (KOH-shee) = green

Kuchi (KOO-chee) = Lips, a general term.

Kuchibeni (KOO-chee-BEN-eee) = red-lipped Koi

Kuchi Zumi (KOO-chee ZOO-mee) = Sumi on the mouth

Kujaku (koo-JAH-koo) = ‘peacock’, referring to a reticulated metallic               white Koi with red, orange or golden markings

Kumonryu (KOO-mahn-droo) = a black Doitsu Koi with random white patterns                that change continuously until mature. Scale-less black Koi with white markings

Kumoru (KOO-morh-uuu) = Loss of color, brightness, and gloss

Kuragake (KOO-rah-GAH-keh) = Wearing a saddle; a pattern that crosses the                back of the Koi like a saddle on a horse

Kuro (KOO-roh) = Black

Kurogoi (KOO-roh-goy) = Black food carp - the origin of Nishikigoi

Kurozumi (KOO-roh-ZOO-mee) = Rich, glossy black with no blue highlights

Kutsubera (KOO-tsoo-beh-RAH) = Shoehorn pattern on the head

Mado (MAH-doh) = 'window' in a pattern element involving more than 1 or  2 scales

Madoaki (MAH-doh-AH-kee) = 'window' in a red pattern

Magoi (MAH-goy) = Mud carp, originally wild carp

Makiagari (MAH-kee-ah-GAH-ree) = pattern extending from the             abdomen to the upper area

Makikomi (MAH-kee-KOH-mee) = pattern extending from the upper area to             the abdomen

Maruten (MOH-roo-ten) = separate, self contained hi pattern on the head with                 other hi patterns on the body; i.e. Maruten Kohaku

Maruzome (MOH-ruu-ZOH-meh) = Rounded, scalloped kiwa. The pattern             follows the scale edges

Matsuba (maht-Sue-bah) = 'Pine-Cone' scale pattern; single color Koi             (metallic or non-metallic) with scale reticulation

Matsukawabake (maht-Sue-kah-wah-BAHK-keh) = Scale version of the                 Kumonryu. A black and white Koi where the pattern transposes over                  time - i.e. summer and winter, although periods may be longer

Men (mehn) = 'Face'; also kao

Menkaburi (MEHN-kah-BOO-ree) = Hi (red) covering the entire              face/head - from the mouth to the gills

Menware (MEHN-wah-reh) = Lighting-strip across the head

Midorigoi (mee-DOH-ree-goy) = green doitsu Koi

Mizu (MEE-zoo) = Light blue color

Mono (MOH-noh) = One or single

Motoaka (MOH-toh-AH-kah) = Red pectoral fin joints

Motoguro (MOH-toh-GOO-roh) = Black fin joints

Moyo (MOH-yoh) = More than one color

Moyo no kire (MOH-yoh noh KEy-ray) = Sharpness of edge of the color pattern

Mudagoke (MOO-dah-GOH-keh) = Redundant scale - one out of line on a doitsu

Muji (MOO-gee) = Single solid color

Mura (MOO-rah) = state in which color is lacking uniformity

Murasakigoi (MOO-rah-sah-KEE-goy) = purple/lavender colored Koi

Nabe sumi (NAH-beh SUE-mee) = Soft gray/brown sumi from the original              Tetsu Magoi line

Nagaremoyo (nah-GAH-reh-MOH-yoh) = Streaming hi pattern

Namikin (nah-MEE-keen) = Tail Fin

Namitate (nah-MEE-tah-teh) = Dorasl Fin

Narumi Asagi (nah-ROO-mee ah-SAH-gee) = Medium  blue colored Asagi                  (traditionally blue-dyed cotton cloth). Lighter than Konjo Asagi and                  darker that Mizu Asagi

Nesai (NEH-say) = Over 1 year, and up to 2 years old - referring to Koi age

Nezu (NEH-zoo) = Gray color

Nezu Ogan (NEH-zoo OH-gahn) = Gray metallic scaled Koi

Ni Bu (nee BOO) = Size two

Niban (nee-BAHN) = Secondary

Niban Hi (nee-BAHN HEE) = Secondary hi, also called Asagi hi

Nidan (nee-DAHN) 2 step - as in "2-Step Kohaku" - same as "Nidan Kohaku"

Nidan hara (neeDAHN HAH-rah) = Concave abdomen

Nidan Kohaku (nee-DAHN koh-HAH-koo) = Kohaku with 2 steps of hi

Nishikigoi (nee-SHEE-key-goy) = 'Jewelled' carp - English term "Koi" is             an abbreviation of Nishikigoi

Nosezumi (NOH-she-ZOO-mee) = sumi (black) overlapping a hi (red) pattern

Ochibashigure (oh-CHEE-bah-she-GOO-ray) = 'Autumn leaves on the water'; a                 nezu (gray) Koi with one or more cha (brown) patterns

Odome (oh-DAH-may) = Last marking before the tail

Ogon (OH-gahn) = Collective name for metallic Koi

Oiya (OYE-yah) = Parent

Oiyagoi (OYE-yah-goy) = Koi brood-stock - parent Koi

Ojime (oh-GEE-may) = Gap between the last pattern marking and the tail

Omoyo (oh-MOH-yoh) = Single pattern - deep wrapping pattern

Orenji (oh-REHN-gee) = Orange color

Oyugu Hoseki (oh-YOO-goo hoh-SHE-key) = Living Jewels

Ozuke (oh-ZOO-key) = The base of the tail

Ozutsu (oh-ZOOT-sue) = Body area behind the dorsal fin

Penducle (pen-DOOK-leh) = Area just before the tail

Pongoi (POHN-goy) = Good quality fish

Purachina (poo-RAH-chee-nah) = Platinum

Renzokumoyo (REHN-zoh-KOO-moh-yoh) = Continous pattern

Rin (deen) = 'scales'.  Rin is not used as a single word, it is only used in              conjunction with other descriptive words such as Gin; as in Gin              Rin to describe silver metallic scales

Roku bu (ROH-koo boo) = Size 6

Sabi (SAH-bee) = Appearance of depth to the skin of scaled Koi

San bu (SAHN boo) = Size 3

Sandan (SAHN-dahn) 3-step pattern; as in Sandan Kohaku (3-Step Kohaku)

Sanke (SAHN-keh) = 'White-based' Koi with hi and sumi patterns (red and black)

Sanke Sumi (SAHN-keh Sue-mee) = Black typically found in small well defined                 patches over the body of the Koi, but not on the head.  'Leopard-spot'                 pattern. Also occurs on Bekko

Sansai (SAHN-sigh) Over 2, and up to 3 years old - referring to Koi age.

Sarasa (sah-RAH-sah) = Pattern of birds, flowers, and geometric             patterns. Another term for 'longfin'

Sashi (SAH-shee) = Blurring of the leading edge of a pattern, seen on scaled Koi

Sashikomi (SAH-she-KOH-me) = Scales covering the front edge of the pattern

Shiki bu (SHE-key boo) = Size 7

Shimi (SHE-me) = Very small black speckles, or dots, no larger than a single scale

Shiro (SHE-row) = White

Shirogoi (SHE-row-goy) = White Koi

Shiroji (she-ROW-gee) = White area

Shiromuji (SHE-row-MOO-gee) = Koi varieties who's color disappeared             and 'turned white'

Shitsu (SHEET-sue) = nature of skin - including shiroji, hi, sumi, etc

Shochikubai (shoh-CHEE-koo-bye) = Metallic Ai-Goromo

Showa (SHOW-wah) = 3 colored Koi, black with red and white. The last of the                Go-Sanke Class of Koi (The Big Three Koi) of Kohaku, Sanke, and Showa.                Showa exhibit sumi in stripes or bands (similar to Utsuri), as opposed to                Sanke which show sumi in spots. Showa also have sumi on the head,                Sanke does not

Showa Sumi (SHOW-wah-Sue-me) =  type of black pattern found in             stripes and bands all over a Koi - including the head.  Similar to             'Tiger Stipes'.  Showa sumi also occurs on Utsuri

Shusui (SHOE-swee) = ai (blue) Doitsu Koi with hi (red) markings             usually on the sides of the body and the head

Sokozumi (SO-koo-ZOO-me) = Black that is faintly visible

Sorogoi (SO-roe-goi) = Gray Koi

Sumi (SUE-me) = Black marking

Sumi Goromo (SUE-me go-ROE-moe) = White Koi with red patterns             overlaid by black reticulation

Suminagashi (Sue-me-nah-GAH-she) = black Koi with white scale reticulation

Taikei (tye-KAY) =  Conformation of the body

Taisho Sanke (TYE-show SAHN-key) 3 colored Koi; shiro (white) body with               hi (red) and sumi (black) markings - commonly referred to as               'Sanke'.  Unlike Showa, Sanke never have sumi  on the head, and               Sanke's body sumi appears in patches, or spots - not in bands or               stripes like that of the Showa.  The Sanke is the second Koi in the               Go-Sanke Class of Koi that is known as 'The Big Three'

Tancho (TAN-show) =  Koi with a single hi spot on the head only

Tategoi (TAH-the-goy) = Koi that posses potential for the future

Tebire (tay-BE-ray) = Pectoral fin

Tejima (tay-GE-ma) = Sumi stripes in the fins

Teri (TAY-ree) = Gloss or luster

Tetsu Magoi (TEHT-sue-MAH-goy) = Predecessor of Showa, Chagoi and Ogon lTezumi (the-ZOO-me) = Another term for sumi stripes in the fins

Tobi hi (TOE-be-HE) = Very small hi (red) spots

Tora Ogon (TOE-rah-OH-gahn) = Metallic Ki Bekko (yellow and black)

Tosai (TOE0-sigh) = In its 1st year - referring to Koi age

Tsubaki Sanke (tsue-BAH-key-SAHN-kay) = Aka Sanke (all red) with a chain               of sumi (black) running the entire length of the Koi

Tsubo sumi (TSUE-bow SUE-me) =  Black pattern over white skin

Tsuya (TSUE-ya) =  Another term for 'luster'

Umebachi (OO-may-BAH-chee) = Japanese apricot flower-shaped marking;               i.e. Tancho spot

Uroko kiwi (oo-ROW-koh KEY wee) = Scalloped kiwa (see maruzome)

Urushizumi (oo ROO-she-ZOO-me) = Jet-black, glossy sumi  (black) with              a tinge of ai (blue) - also known as tsuyazumi

Utsuri (oot-SUE-ree) = 'Reflections' or 'relecting ones'.  A two colored Koi -                  always a black Koi with one other color; white, red, or yellow patches or                  bands.  Shiro Utsuri, Hi Utsuri, and Ki Utsuri

Utsurimono (oot-SUE-ree-MOE-no) = Formal name for Utsuri

Unwappi (oon-WAH-pee) = Thin hi (red)

Wabi (WAH-bee) = Appearance of depth to the skin of scaled Koi

Wagoi (WAH-goy) = Scaled Koi - virtually all Koi except Doitsu

Yamabuki (YAH-mah-BOO-key) = Bright gold color, as in Yamabuki Ogon

Yamatonishiki (YAH-mah-toe-nee-SHE-key) = Metallic Sanke

Yogyo (YO-Gee-yo) = Young fish

Yon bu (YON-boo) = Size 4

Yondan (YON-don) = 4 Step; as in Yondan Kohaku (4-Step Kohaku)

Yonsai (YON-say) = 4 year old Koi

Yoroigoi (your- ee-goy) = Koi with large armor scales all over its body

Yotsushiro - (YAHT-sue–SHE-roe) = Black Koi with white on the tail,             pectoral fins, dorsal fin, and head

Zubonhaki (ZOO-bahn-HA-key) =  latter half of the body (the tail end) is             completely red or black

Zukinkaburi (zoo-KEEN-kah-boo-ree) = Red forehead